So, you’ve got a moment to learn Scala and have IntelliJ IDEA with Scala plugin installed. Your wish is to maximize the mental outcome given the time at hand with little to no effort to set up a productive working environment. You may even think you may have gotten one, but, unless you’re doing what I’m describing here, you’re actually far from truly having it. I’m asking you to go the extra mile!
In this blog post I’m introducing you to two modes in the recently-shipped IntelliJ IDEA 14.1 – Full Screen and Distraction Free modes – and the few keystrokes I use in the development environment to have a comfortable place to learn Scala. I’m sure you’ll have found few ideas to improve your way into your own personal Scala nirvana.
Let’s go minimalistic, full screen, distraction-free, mouse- and touchpad-less!
You may find the blog post What to Check Out in Scala Plugin 1.4.x for IntelliJ IDEA 14 & 14.1 helpful, too.
Side note It came as a complete surprise to me to have noticed that I’ve been writing the blog post exactly a month after the last one.
Why I’m using IntelliJ IDEA to learn Scala?
I’m using IntelliJ IDEA daily.
I begin a day switching to the desktop where the IDE awaits my attention and keep it open (until a mandatory reboot following a system update). I was using other IDEs – NetBeans IDE or Eclipse IDE – in the past to develop applications in Java or Java EE, but things have changed since I switched focus on Scala entirely.
The reason for the switch was to master the Scala language not the other available IDEs, and given IntelliJ IDEA have always been receiving positive marks it’s with me nowadays. When I need a full-blown IDE, it’s IntelliJ IDEA with the Scala plugin. Period.
There’s another tool that supports learning Scala beautifully – Scala REPL. However it’s often too rudimentary and limiting, for quick rendezvous I prefer it with Sublime Text 3 and sbt. For more advanced sessions nothing beats the beloved IDE - IntelliJ IDEA.
I remember the tweet from Adrian Gruntkowski very well when the need to go minimalistic was first planted in my head. Adrian mentioned a user guide to set up a minimalistic workspace in IntelliJ IDEA (though it was for CursiveClojure) and the story began.
It took me a while to get used to it, but it was worth it! I just needed a mixture of Sublime Text 3 and IntelliJ IDEA as the Scala development environment and think I’ve found mine already.
A day with Scala and IntelliJ IDEA
Be warned that I’m working on Mac OS X with
Mac OS X 10.5+ keymap so your milleage may vary.
The blog post assumes you’ve got a Scala project imported or created from scratch already. I don’t bother explaining how to do it. In either case, IntelliJ IDEA should open with a Scala project so switching between files makes sense.
Minimalistic IntelliJ IDEA
Follow CursiveClojure UI to have a minimalistic, clutter-free workspace. It’s a good start and boils down to turning off the toolbars, deselecting Toolbar and Navigation Bars in the View menu and finally disabling the Editor Tabs. That’s a very good start.
Start by pressing
Cmd + Ctrl + F to enter full screen.
You should have the IDE looked like as in the following screenshot.
Shift key twice to open Search everywhere popup.
You may also want to use
Cmd + Shift + A to search for actions only.
Type in pre mod or (better) preMod to execute Enter Presentation Mode action. In IDEA 14.1 there’s far more productive mode - Distraction Free Mode so type in distMod instead.
Either way – Presentation or Distraction mode – you’ve got a clean desk and should concentrate on Scala much easier (with the goodies of IntelliJ IDEA at your fingertips).
Following the advice in the empty workspace of IntelliJ IDEA, use
Cmd + E to switch between files or
Cmd + Shift + E to switch between files that were recently edited.
Cmd + O to open traits or classes. Use
Cmd + Shift + O to open any file like
build.sbt or project resources.
And the last but not least, install BashSupport plugin to have a fully-supported terminal inside IntelliJ IDEA. Use
Alt + F12 to open a terminal session. I use it to have sbt shell open for
~ test to have the tests executed every time the main and test sources change.
I use the terminal to open Scala REPL when I need to try out a new API.
There are also
Cmd + KeyUp to select files from other directories in a project, or just switch to Project view with
Cmd + 1. You could use
Alt + F1 to select the target to view the currently open file.
There are plenty of ways and tools to help you learn Scala in a pleasant environment. I’ve been using Sublime Text 3 and sbt for quite some time, and found myself very productive with this combo. In my case, though, enough turned out to be lazy to learn more advanced developer tools, i.e. IntelliJ IDEA.
Once I switched to IntelliJ IDEA and started using the features like Full Screen and Distraction Free modes with proper keystrokes, it became the development environment of choice to get full steam ahead into Scala.
There ain’t no such thing as a free lunch and it does take time to hop onto a new tooling and change habits. New things can often be getting into your way until you find them useful. As much as habits can help (speeding things up), they should not rule out others and mark them worse by default. As Learn, Unlearn And Relearn: How To Stay Current And Get Ahead says:
Whatever the reasons, once the basics are covered, many people tend to stick with what they know and avoid situations or challenges where they may mess up or be forced to learn something new, thus creating a safe, secure and comfortable (and confining) world for themselves.
Give the tips from the blog post a try and a month later you will have found they’re as pleasant as yours. Or bring you even more joy! Let me know how it’s worked out in the Comments section below.